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Friend or foe of indigenous culture? Jessica Mauboy as Australia Day poster girl

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One of the more insidious ways in which indigenous Australian people have been colonised is through the rewriting of history. Alongside use of the more congenial term “settlement”, the common view is that Aboriginal people maintained little resistance to British colonisation. The reality, however, is that across the continent, many Aboriginal people waged war against the invaders for close to 50 years — a history that was not taught until the late 1960s and a history that is still not readily accepted.
The Frontier Wars are officially recorded as ending in 1838, but the resistance of Aboriginal people continued. A hundred years later, and on the sesquicentenary of British colonisation, a Day of Mourning and Protest was observed by Aboriginal people and with this, active resistance to the celebration of Australia Day was born. In time, many people proclaimed Australia Day to be Invasion Day.
At some point, however, Aboriginal protest to Australia Day was rebranded and became the more mainstream-friendly “Survival Day”. Here was an alternative celebration that was not protest, but a happy occasion, something less angry and more likely to win friends and allies in the non-indigenous community. Invasion Day highlights injustice, Survival Day celebrates continued culture; one is a bitter pill for white Australia to swallow, the other seeks to catch more Australians with honey instead of vinegar.
As with all communities, diversity of opinion exists and, in 2015, this diversity is even more pronounced. At one end of the scale, there are those who will attend Invasion Day events in order to mourn the arrival of the British and protest against the continued injustices that indigenous Australians face through to today. In the middle, the majority will celebrate the survival of indigenous people and culture at the many Survival Day concerts across the country. At the other end of the scale, and perhaps most controversial of all, Aboriginal pop star Jessica Mauboy will perform at the official Australia Day concert at the Sydney Opera House.
Mauboy has already been heavily criticised for agreeing to perform at the event and not using her public position to highlight the plight of indigenous people. Her own comments on Australia Day 2014 are symptomatic of a broader movement by indigenous Australians to be accepted by the mainstream. With language like “knowing that we can move forward and we can teach the next generation, that is the most important thing” and “I never put one side before the other”, this trend toward becoming a part of the mainstream could be viewed as an extension of the you-catch-more-flies-with-honey ethos behind Survival Day.
With Survival Day events looming large across indigenous communities and Mauboy’s star celebrity status among many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Invasion Day protest and mourning is increasingly viewed as part of the fringe. Political polarisation in the indigenous community is becoming more evident once again, particularly as the march toward constitutional recognition progresses. Much like Mauboy’s belief that she never puts one side before the other — and similar to the idea that indigenous Australia can win more friends through celebrating survival instead of protesting invasion — constitutional recognition facilitates Aboriginal people’s subsumption into the Australian mainstream.
With the increasing sympathies toward assimilation, the stark contrast to those in opposition is rising, as is the number of people and initiatives involved in oppositional activities. The great diversity of political opinion across indigenous communities means that there are any number of alternatives to choose from. A sit-in protest in Canberra on this year’s Australia Day organised by the Original Peoples Freedom Movement calls to re-politicise indigenous events on Australia Day. Invasion Day protests are to be held in Melbourne while the Share the Spirit Festival is run mere metres away. Such activities run in concurrence with alternatives to constitutional recognition: the Tent Embassies set up in places like Redfern and Canberra, Murrumu Walubara Yidindji’s return to Yidindji Law, the Aboriginal Provisional Government and the issuing of Aboriginal passports, particularly to asylum seekers.
What these activities highlight is that just as there is increasing political polarisation in the world, there is growing polarisation in indigenous communities around issues such as constitutional recognition and Invasion Day/Survival Day/Australia Day. With a referendum forthcoming and the potential for unification of the current fringe groups, next year’s January 26 could look very different for indigenous Australia and the country at large.
Eugenia Flynn is a Tiwi, Larrakiah, Chinese and Muslim writer living and working in Melbourne. Her writing and critical thinking can be found on her personal blog Black Thoughts Live Here

38 responses to “Friend or foe of indigenous culture? Jessica Mauboy as Australia Day poster girl

  1. The farcical nature of much of the ‘controversy’ is shown in examples such as one of the biggest groups of ‘indigenous’ Tasmanians being descended from a murderous Bass Strait sealer, possibly of mainland indigenous ancestry, who once shot a woman because she refused to collect mutton birds for him. Obviously in light of the number now bearing his surname, he didn’t shoot all indigenous women with whom he came into contact; but when he’s seen as being in a position to lecture us, is it any wonder some people aren’t convinced?

    1. if you know as much about the sealing industry as you project then try a little honesty, sealers kidnapped women for their own use world wide, and Tasmainia has a very clear documentation of sealer kidnapping Aboriginal women against their will, i assume there are people on this site smart enough to conduct basic research to gain an honest understanding of rape and sealers, these cheap shots are wrecking this nation

      1. also research ” the black line” to see what a farce really is, almost total genocide then blame the victims because they happened to survive, to many uneducated dishonest people in Australia

    2. Right so you’re going to ignore a complex issue involving dozens of different opinions because you think just one person involved in these matters descends several hundred years ago from someone with dubious ethics?
      Wake up, bro.
      As for the author, thank you for a well balanced article. I would like to add that for some of us at least being radical isn’t vinegar, it’s the honey of hope. The real vinegar is watching so many people suffer so needlessly while others turn a blind eye and even blame the victim. I just wish more non first nation Australians could see that, well, at least a whole bunch of us do. That’s a start. Stay Deadly.

  2. Mr Hascombe,
    It’s very sad that you could speak so disrespectfully about Aboriginal people.
    I hope that you come to understand one day how much pain that causes people.
    Isn’t being Australian more about showing an open hand as opposed to a fist?

  3. I’m not sure how that murderous fellow relates to the topic in any way, Norman.
    As far as I’m concerned, Australia day is a complete joke, with even less legitimacy than Valentine’s day.
    We already have a nationally significant day: ANZAC Day. People are actually genuinely moved and care about ANZAC Day, and to me at least, it represents sacrifice and the protection of our country, which we can all be proud of, regardless of colour etc.
    The best argument in favour of Australia day I’ve heard (and perhaps the only argument) is: “Hey man, don’t knock getting another day off!”

  4. The British have variously invaded 193 out of 195 UN-recognized nations plus 8 other self-governing countries (as compared to the French having invaded 80, the US 70 and Apartheid Israel 12) but the British invasion of Australia on 26 January 1788 destroyed as many as 200-600 unique Indigenous Australian tribes and a comparable number of languages and dialects, making the Australian Aboriginal Genocide qualitatively the worst genocide in human history (Australia’s quantitatively worst genocide was the WW2 Bengali Holocaust in which the British with Australian complicit deliberately starved 6-7 million Indians to death for strategic reasons; see Gideon Polya, “Australia And Britain Killed 6-7 Million Indians In WW2 Bengal Famine”, Countercurrents, 29 September, 2011: ; Gideon Polya, “Jane Austen and the Black Hole of British History”, now available for free perusal on the web: ; Stuart Laycock , “All the Countries We’ve Ever Invaded: And the Few We Never Got Round To” (The History Press, 2014); and Jasper Copping, “British have invaded nine out of ten countries – so look out Luxembourg”, The Telegraph, 4 November 2012: ).
    26 January is commemorated as Invasion Day by Indigenous Australians but celebrated as Australia Day by White Australians as the day when White Australia began. In 2015 the British are still invading other countries (currently into its Third Syrian War and its Fifth Iraq War) and the whole British–devastated world should mark 26 January as British Invasion Day or Genocide Day, noting that Article 2 of the UN Genocide Convention states: “In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: a) Killing members of the group; b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.”
    Before the British Invasion of Australia on 26 January 1788, Indigenous Australians had been living in Australia for about 60,000 years. There were 350-750 different tribes and a similar number of languages and dialects, of which only 150 survive today and of these all but about 20 are endangered. After the brutish British Invasion, the Aboriginal population dropped from about 1 million in 1788 to about 0.1 million in the first century through introduced disease, deprivation and genocidal violence. The last massacres of Aborigines occurred in the 1920s but no Treaty has ever been signed. Indigenous Australians were only counted after a referendum in 1967 and were finally given some protection by the 1975 Racial Discrimination Act. In the 20th century up to 1 in 10 Aboriginal children were forcibly removed from their mothers, the so-called Stolen Generations. Forcible removal of Aboriginal children from their mothers is continuing today at a record rate. Indigenous Australians are far worse off than White Australians in relation to housing, health, wealth, social conditions, imprisonment, deaths in custody, forcible removal of children, avoidable death and life expectancy (see Gideon Polya, “ Ongoing Aboriginal Genocide And Aboriginal Ethnocide By Politically Correct Racist Apartheid Australia ”, Countercurrents, 16 February 2014: and “Aboriginal Genocide” : ).
    In 2000 about 9,000 Aborigines out of an Aboriginal population of 500,000 died avoidably every year (avoidable death rate as a percentage of population of 1.8% pa, the highest in the world and 1.8 times that of non-Arab Africa) but by 2011 this had declined to about 2,000 annual avoidable deaths out of a population about 670,000 (an avoidable death rate of 0.4% pa, the same as for impoverished South Asia but occurring in one of the world’s richest countries). The Australian Aboriginal Genocide and Australian Aboriginal Ethnocide is continuing (see Gideon Polya, “Body Count. Global avoidable mortality since 1950”, this including an avoidable mortality-related history of every country since Neolithic times and now available for free perusal on the web: ) .

  5. I find it odd that Norman Hanscombe uses a character from history who he claims ‘lectures’ white-Australians, and therefore leaves people unconvinced. It’s quite simple really, my traditional grandmother was Wapperty, daughter of Manalargenna. She had a baby girl named Elizabeth to a Maori, Miti, son of Te Pahe. Elizabeth married sealer James Everett, naming one of their 6 children James. James married Florence, an English woman, a son was named Keith, he was my father. We were always blackfellas to white people when my grand-parents and parents were trying to be accepted as white people. But once we acknowledged our Aboriginal identity white people would not accept it. The Tasmanian Aboriginal community carries a living memory of the killings by colonists, the rapes and plunder, and every other atrocity committed against our people. Whether white-Australians are convinced or not, the fact remains, our community cannot accept any form of celebrating these atrocities, the stealing of our lands, and the destruction to our environment. It leaves white-Australia in a sad light with its endemic racial hatred against almost everything or people who are not ‘like them’. Not a good look at all, and nothing worth celebrating by civilised people. Lest We Forget!

    1. Jim Everett so great to hear your voice here! Still remember when you came into my melb Uni class and shared those political revues and sketches from the days of basically black – they need to make a comeback. We can’t and we won’t forget. Arohanui from Aotearoa

      1. Hello Dione, yes I remember you and my visit to Melb Uni, and here we are with little change in the socio-political debates about Australia’s First Nations. My last blog on this site (below) seems to have stopped the bigots somewhat for now, and it is important to keep them under pressure for their racist rants. Like all other First Nations around the world we will eventually achieve freedom from colonial rule, and the atrocities they continue to force on us. wulika from Tassie.

  6. A timely and thoughtful reminder of the range of political thought across Indigenous Australia on this occasion.thank you Eugenia.

  7. The most important point, I believe, is for all Australians to know some of the truths of the British invading Australia. These truths, as outlined by those above include the genocide of Aboriginal nations, the use of Aboriginals as slave labour, the facts around the stolen generation, and the resultant generational high rates of incarceration, suicide, self-harm, depression, sexual and physical abuse amongst Aboriginal populations. Without the truth, from all sides, being expressed, we can not heal. A clear recognition of the tragic harm caused by the British invasion needs to be understood and enunciated. Likewise, we need to look at Australia Day and say what do we want for our nation. What have we learnt from the past and where do we head in the future? Also, we should celebrate what we have now, but the focus should be what happened in the past. School curriculums clearly lack much of this detail. Past and present students do not know that white Australia has a black history. I think the majority of Australians still celebrate Australia Day because they do not deeply know the facts. It is up to Aboriginal and non-aboriginal people to let the Australian population know these truths. We should change the date for ‘Australia Day’ and make it about celebrating Australia and not about the invasion of the British. Then January 26th can be about the recognition of the trauma the invasion caused and a focus on healing. Maybe it should be called ‘Healing Day’. Australia Day becomes complicated for white Australia. People can be polarised in their views. I do think that a persistent, determined and co-ordinated drip feeding of the facts to the Australian population, is going to potentially have a greater positive affect than protests which can just sit people back in their corner. Don’t get me wrong, protesting definitely has a place but there needs to be a bigger picture- the first casualty of war is the truth. We need to reclaim it.

    1. Very moving Bronwyn. I am curious when you write “and the resultant generational high rates of incarceration, suicide, self-harm, depression, sexual and physical abuse amongst Aboriginal populations”. Can you provide any evidence that today’s problems are the result of the invasion? It seems that many fine Aboriginal Australians have escaped the clutches of the past and do not participate in any of the bad behaviours you mentioned. Let’s be clear, even if people like you want to make mistakes: the matters are bad behaviour and individuals should be made accountable. But keep telling them “Oh it’s not you fault, it is the fault of the British invasion” and the bad behaviour will continue.

      1. Ongoing trauma, intergenerational effects of abuse, decimated families (up to the 70’s via the Stolen Generations policies and ongoing through Social Services), socio-economic discrimination, workplace discrimination, racism, denial of essential services (to remote communities), non recognition of culture and language, substandard service provision, undermining of Aboriginal institutions and representative bodies, lack of political voice, lack of opportunity, victimisation of men, lack of protection for women… it’s still going on.

    [aw-streyl-yuh dey]
    1. A legal holiday in Australia, the first Monday after January 25, commemorating the landing of the British in 1788.
    1. Rub salt in the wound
    2. To make an injury feel worse
    3. Add insult to injury
    4. Kick someone when they are down
    5. Twist the knife
    Usage notes:
    For maximum effect celebrate in large gatherings with a touch of English pomp, highlighting re-enactments, fireworks, flag waving, speech making and fastidious renditions of the national anthem by Aboriginal celebrities.

    1. Peter, do you seriously think that the events and name of ‘Australia Day’ is what adding ‘insult to injury’? Are these people really injured by the celebrations of Australia Day? Or is this just another pathetic attempt to take offence and play the martyr? Is it another excuse to ignore the high jail rates, high rates of violence. etc of Aboriginal people?

  9. Australia Day is a great day off. No more than that. Leave Jess Mauboy to do her thing. She is an entertainer not a political activist. Just as bad as jumping on Cathy Freeman’s back because she wasn’t as political as some wanted her to be.
    @Gideon Polya. I make no judgement on your studies other than observing that using yourself as a reference isn’t very convincing.

  10. While i am sympathetic to the idea of invasion day being a day of healing and mourning and i find it difficult to identify with british bully boy attitudes it is a fact that a war was fought over australia by settlers against ancient residents and the conquest driven intelligence of the british won over a far older and much more advanced and beautiful culture.
    I might add that australia still suffers
    Both white and black from the inheritance of primitive anglo celtic culture that is founded on well oiled aggression from a colonizing/exploiting ethos.
    Our pugnacious attitudes derive almost entirely from british ignorance.
    And our difficulties in relating and co- existing originate in british arrogance and its cold blooded heritage.

    1. With due respect Luke but “Anglo-Celtic” is a lazy collective term for non-indigenous pre-1950’s Australia. It is as much a distortion of this country’s past as refusing to acknowledge the degree of resistance by the Aboriginal population to British settlement. It denies how an early minority group – Irish Catholics – faced social apartheid in this country. The Irish also enjoyed being perceived as “savages” and centuries before the British even stepped on this continent they’d been using Ireland as a laboratory to practise ruling through terror. You see no one wants to see their history conveniently glossed over.

  11. On Jan 26th our Blackness will defined by whether you choose “Invasion Day”, “Survial Day” or “Jessica Mauboy” ? Because Eugenia ? Jessica is a positive role model when we have very few. When did being Aboriginal stop being a personal experience ? The entire tone of this article is an attempt to appear “intellectual”. You’re a wordsmith but it stops there. More Aboriginal young people will look up to Jessica and dare to dream big. Who are you. It’s interesting that you used a mainstream medium to air your, uhm, friendship with Indigenous culture ? Did the Koori Mail turn you down ? This was an exercise in lateral violence. You’ve attacked a Sister for expressing her blackness Her way. You, Eugenia, are not a friend of Indigenous culture. You are a consumer of it. Solidarity it seems is for White women and you just got a go pass. On Jan 26th many of us will do what we please, because being black is personal and it is 24/7. It doesn’t stop or change for one day. Did your white friends have to like you first before they became your friends
    and are you always in “Invasion Day” mode I wonder.

  12. Damian, so you are so concerned about “how much pain that causes people”. Surely there are bigger issues to be concerned about like the high rates of violence and child abuse/neglect in some sectors of the Aboriginal community. But of course, ‘Australia Day’ is yet another excuse to talk about how much pain this causes Aboriginal people and distracts them form the more serious issues I mentioned.

  13. When I was at school in the 1960’s/70’s we were taught it was European Settlement, not just ‘settlement of Australia’. The indigenous people were acknowledged. All ‘invasions/ settlements’ at any time in history were takeovers, but that is the way life works unfortunately. Perhaps the British should have left it to the Spanish or French perhaps they could have done better.

  14. For all Aboriginal who are going to use ‘Australia Day’ as an excuse for being angered, can I ask you to consider being angry over the atrocities committed by Aboriginal people against Aboriginal people in 2015?

  15. Great article Eugenia. I think this should also apply to non-indigenous musicians who proclaim a pro-aboriginal rights stance. I often seen many Australian Rock bands who utlise a pro-aboriginal rights cause by having benefit concerts and using acknowledgment of country. Notable examples of these include Powderfinger, Silverchair, Midnight Oil, John Butler Trio, and so on. Some of them I’ve seen in Concert and not once did they include aboriginal musicians as support acts. Notably some of these bands have been invited to perform at Australia day events or just have normal concerts on Jan 26th without utilising the term Australia day concert. The truth is many of these bands have fans who are predominately white racist, redneck, sexist, homophobic, and bogans who they need to retain. Its those same fans who come Monday will dress up in there mass patrotic flag waving attire, get drunk, and start racially abusing non-white people and rub deep insults onto aboriginal people. Many Australian bands feel they have to connect with the white masses this way. I feel these people need to be made just as accountable even more than anyone. At least Aussie rapper, Iggy Azalea admits being a racist so we know were she stands. Sadly these mainstream bands will not admit this.

  16. It’s very important to have indigenous role models etc. to look up to for all Australians representing those universal values we talk about a lot e.g. tolerance, fair go, diversity, etc.
    However, when Kevin Rudd (who chose Bonhoeffer) and others in Australia’s political and media classes (plus many more) are unable or unwilling to cite an indigenous Australian?
    Classsic example is William Cooper who has been largely ignored in Australia, but not Israel and the Jewish community:
    ‘On 6 December 1938, several weeks after Kristallnacht in Germany, Cooper led a delegation of the Australian Aboriginal League to the German Consulate in Melbourne to deliver a petition which condemned the “cruel persecution of the Jewish people by the Nazi government of Germany.” The protest has been referred to as “the only private protest against the Germans following Kristallnacht.” The German Consulate did not accept the petition.’

  17. May I ask what the goal is of inciting division, dissent and disharmony in Australia, supposedly in the name of the tiny minority of Australians who claim to be indigenous?
    We are talking about 670,000 Australians, some 490,000 of whom are in mixed marriages and most of whom are of mixed ancestry, as the author above declares.
    What is the purpose of fixating on one’s ‘indigenous nature’ where the ancestral connection is no more than one grandparent, great grandparent or great-great grandparent and where African, Asian or European ancestry predominates?
    Surely the purpose of Australia is that we are all Australian and just as someone who became a citizen last week has no less rights than someone who became a citizen last year, so we cannot have any sort of sliding scale of Australianess, depending upon ancestry.
    Every nation on earth exists because of colonisation. Recent research shows Aboriginal DNA identical with that of Dravidian Indians in southern India. So, either Aborigines invaded and colonised southern India or Dravidians invaded and colonised Australia – we are all colonists, except perhaps for a very small group of Africans who never left the bit of Africa where all of us began.
    I think it is important to know one’s ancestry but not at the cost of social harmony and the reality of one’s citizenship. The British do not have those holding to indigenous roots as Britons, pointing the finger at Celts, Angles, Saxons, Romans, Danes, Vikings, Normans etc., who in successive waves invaded, occupied and colonised their country.
    At what point do people get over it? If those with some Aboriginality can point the finger at suffering their ancestors experienced then surely so should those with convict ancestors for the convicts suffered more than anyone during this colonial experiment.
    But that would be as pointless as railing at your parents, grandparents etc. suffering.
    I just wish someone would explain to me the end goal and how they believe this serves all Australians.

    1. You may find some enlightenment in Commissioner Hal Wootten’s words:
      The Royal Commission into Aboriginal deaths in Custody Final Report has 339 Recommendations, yet little action has been taken on the fundamental issues in these recommendations. The Australian governments simply dismiss the socio-cultural identity of Australian Aborigines and how self-determination is important in resolving the issues affecting our people.
      Commissioner The Honourable JH Wootten AC, QC wrote in the foreword to the Regional Report of Inquiry in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania, the following:
      “What does become clear is that most Aboriginals have a continuing identity as Aboriginals which sets them apart culturally and historically as a separate community of people, encapsulated within a larger community. Relations between those two communities are built on inequality arising from a longstanding, unresolved injustice, and tensions which result from it affect the lives of individuals and communities in all kinds of ways. The dominant white community has over two centuries mostly tried to deal with the issue by destroying the Aboriginal identity – either by physical extermination or by genetic or cultural absorption. Even today many of those who accept that a major effort must be made to overcome Aboriginal disadvantage in matters such as health, education, employment and so on, accept this only on the basis that there must be only one people recognised in Australia, and that any assistance to Aboriginals is not to enable their separate flowering as a people within the country, but to help them ‘catch up’ and ‘be like us’. Those who find Aboriginal refusal to accept this unreasonable, irrational, disloyal or unrealistic, might ask themselves this question. If Japan had successfully captured Australia and colonised it after World War 11, swamping the former population with Japanese immigrants, how many Australians would have been prepared to see themselves as thereafter Japanese, to merge their identity into a greater Japanese society?”

  18. They (white people) are the only race on Earth who destroy the land and everything in it for a hand full of dollars. That is their contribution to history
    I hope to see the day when the World wakes up and say’s enough of your GREED.They are a desease on this Earth that will not stop until we have nothing left.

  19. When the owner’s of this country are recognised in a Treaty then we will have some kind of peace. Until that day you just have to face the facts that we are still here and we don’t intend on going silently into the dark so that you people don’t have to admit to your past.
    TELL THE TRUTH for once in your lives.

  20. Reading through the comments here I see that the issues concerning Australia Day, and defending statements by those who believe that First Nations people use it to have a moan about being jailed, child sex abuse etc: that it is all aimed at hiding white-Australia’s guilt for its ongoing cultural genocide program being advanced by successive governments. The unfortunate fact is that white-Australia was formed by the English savages when they arrived in 1788, they were well experienced as savages through their invasions and atrocities in places such as Africa, India, America. History shows that the atrocities committed by the English savages were extreme, with killings and rapes of native children, cutting of men’s penis’ and watching them run around and die. Much worse attacks on native women, who after raping the women, they were killed by forcing spears into their vaginas. When the English arrived on our shores their pattern of violence and savage treatment of the ‘natives’ continued unabated. White-Australia should look more at itself and see how much they hide their guilt: pedophilia defended in your churches who are given privileges above your laws, family and domestic violence behind closed doors in Australian homes, your coward’s punch during public grog sessions, sexualising of girls and young women through your media and advertising on billboards, fear of refugees that you keep so oppressed and incarcerated off-shore. Now you tell us First Nations people that we’re all a mob of criminals because we don’t respect your laws that find more of our people sent to your jails. There is one truth only, that is that white-Australia is maintaining its illegal occupation of our lands, seas and waterways. Slowly but surely we are testing your laws and finding ways around them because they provide you with white-privileges that jail our people who rebel against bad laws brought here by the savages. Your courts are finding out that white-Australia’s courts have no jurisdiction over Aboriginal people. I know of 5 cases that Aborigines have won by challenging your courts by submitting “no jurisdiction’ and have won. So please don’t think we use Australia Day to have a moan and be our own martyrs, and see that our First Nations are under a continuing attacks by governments who are obsessed with achieving cultural genocide through its assimilation program. And let’s face it, white-Australia is not a good look, so why would our First Nations people want to be like white-Australians in the first place?

    1. That is very hurtful for the white Australians that work hard to pay taxes to provide health care and welfare to the First Nations people to combat their drinking and health problems, As well as chronic unemployment.

      1. Surely if you’d made a little effort you could have been even more patronising, entitled, selfish, arrogant, condescending, racist and inflammatory. Hurtful? Try genocide!

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